By Jeremiah I. Dibua (auth.)

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Additional info for Development and Diffusionism: Looking Beyond Neopatrimonialism in Nigeria, 1962–1985

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75 The practical influence of modernization was clearly reflected in the field of development. The American conception of social engineering from above that became the dominant development thought especially between 1945 and 1975 became the “absolutely hegemonic” and “export model” of modernization. 76 The components of this Eurocentric modernization include industrialization, mass production, rising per capita income, the dominance of science-based advanced technology, military hegemony, bureaucratization, secularization, and urbanization.

Thus, “as in early modern Europe . . ”60 Atul Kohli made similar arguments in his comparative analysis of the capacities of different state systems in promoting economic transformation in four developing countries (South Korea, Brazil, India, and Nigeria). Kohli attempted an elaborate theoretical analysis of the capacity of the Nigerian state to promote economic development. ” He identified three types of states in the developing world: cohesive-capitalist (South Korea), fragmented-multiclass (Brazil and India), and neopatrimonial (Nigeria).

The World Bank, in collaboration with various Western aid and development agencies, organized workshops for Nigerian planners during the preparation of each of the plans. The recommendations of these bodies in their publications on the long-term development of different sectors of the economy were relied upon by the planners. Moreover, from the 1960s, American social scientists and development theorists occupied a dominant position in African development discourse. This dominance was reinforced through the development and technical assistance provided by American aid agencies.

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