By Anatol Stefanowitsch, Stefan Th. Gries
Cognitive Linguistics, the department of linguistics that attempts to ''make one's account of human language accord with what's mostly identified concerning the brain and the brain,'' has turn into some of the most flourishing fields of latest linguistics. The chapters handle many vintage issues of Cognitive Linguistics. those issues contain stories at the semantics of particular phrases (including polysemy and synonymy) in addition to semantic features of specific syntactic styles / structures (including constructional synonymy and the schematicity of constructions), the research of causatives, transitivity, and image-schematic features of posture verbs.
the foremost attribute of this quantity is that each one papers undertake the methodological viewpoint of Corpus Linguistics, the speedily evolving department of linguistics in response to the automatic research of language utilized in real settings. hence, the contributions don't simply all offer numerous new insights of their respective fields, in addition they introduce new facts in addition to new corpus-based and quantitative tools of study. at the foundation in their findings, the authors talk about either theoretical implications going well past the singular subject matters of the stories and express how the self-discipline of Cognitive Linguistics can enjoy the rigorous research of naturally-occurring language. The languages that are investigated are English, German, Dutch, and Russian, and the knowledge come from quite a few assorted corpora. As such, the current quantity might be of curiosity to a variety of students with many alternative foci and pursuits and will pave the way in which for additional integration of usage-based options of research inside this intriguing paradigm.
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Additional resources for Corpora in Cognitive Linguistics: Corpus-Based Approaches to Syntax and Lexis
The question for Section 3 is then: how much variation is there at the lexical level and how can it be measured? To determine the degree of variation and elucidate the relation between the lexemes, I will investigate their distribution at a more fine-grained level; for each lexeme I will establish the frequency with which all slots in every [VFIN VINF] construction in the sample occur in a particular syntactic form and with a particular semantic content. 3. Structuring series of near-synonyms Delineating groups of near-synonyms on the basis of constructional (dis)similarities results in larger groups of near-synonyms than usual: in analyses, synonyms tend to be treated in pairs (cf.
Cristofaro (2003a: 120) takes the comparable “degree to which the boundaries between these SoAs [States of Affairs] are eroded or kept intact” as the basic component of semantic integration. 3 I will explore the (im)possibility of modifying both verbs in a [VFIN VINF] structure with conflicting time adverbials and relate the findings to the aspectual behavior of the verbs, aspect being the most natural way to impose boundaries on events in Russian. In so doing I obtain a second measure for the degree of integration between these four finite verbs and the infinitive, that is moreover independent of the verb’s argument structure and conceptual subordination of one event to the other.
G. catch a smell, draw 36 Dagmar Divjak someone into an argument. Of all other primitives, only the perceptuals are further divided into active, conscious, directed perception as in look and passive, accidental perception like see (cf. Apresjan 1995a: 357). e. the degree of (objective) controllability of the actions. The tests used in tagging for this variable are inspired by the Vendlerian (1967) stativity tests (see Divjak 2004: 239). There are “controllable actions”, such as copy, “weakly controllable” activities like find and “noncontrollable” verbs like forget.