By Raymond Y. Kwong
Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging (CMR) is a quickly evolving instrument for cardiovascular prognosis, and is changing into more and more very important in guiding cardiovascular interventions. Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging provides a state of the art compilation of professional contributions to the sector, each one studying common and pathologic anatomy of the cardiovascular method as assessed through magnetic resonance imaging. sensible strategies comparable to myocardial perfusion imaging and review of stream pace are emphasised, besides the interesting components of artherosclerosis plaque imaging and particular magnetic resonance imaging. Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging represents a multi-disciplinary method of the sector, with contributions from specialists in cardiology, radiology, physics, engineering, body structure and biochemistry and gives new instructions in noninvasive imaging.
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Additional info for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging
23 black, 24 red, 25 green, and 26 blue). Let us consolidate these results into one figure (Fig. 27). At y = 1 (Fig. 27, y = 1), we see that these four experiments result in phase accumulation at a rate of 10° per experiment; at y = 2 (Fig. 27, y = 2), the four experiments result in phase accumulation at a rate of 20° per experiment; at y = 3 (Fig. 27, y = 3), the four experiments result in phase accumulation at a rate of 30° per experiment; at y = 4 (Fig. 27, y = 4), the four experiments result in phase accumulation at a rate of 40° per experiment; at y = 5 (Fig.
The phase accumulated by magnetization (red arrows) of the imaged object (Fig. 21) at different positions of the y-axis is shown. This is the phase right after the red phase encoding gradient pulse (Fig. 17, interval BC) has been applied. The sum of all locations (red arrow, 18 units long with 59° phase) is what is observed by us. 27 Fig. 25. The phase accumulated by magnetization (green arrows) of the imaged object (Fig. 21) at different positions of the y-axis is shown. This is the phase right after the green phase encoding gradient pulse (Fig.
The possibilities are endless, and the remainder of this book introduces how these basic imaging principles are used to perform advanced cardiovascular MRI. ACKNOWLEDGMENT I give sincere thanks to Alan Hoofring for the artwork in this chapter. 2 Clinical Cardiac MRI Techniques Leon Axel and Ruth Lim CONTENTS OVERVIEW MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING SAFETY CARDIAC GATING RESPIRATORY MOTION IMAGE POSITIONING BRIGHT BLOOD AND DARK BLOOD IMAGING T1 AND T2 WEIGHTING CINE IMAGING PHASE CONTRAST IMAGING CONTRAST ENHANCEMENT REFERENCES OVERVIEW Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has many potential advantages over conventional cardiac imaging techniques.