By W. G. Lambert
For far of the final 1/2 the 20th century, W. G. Lambert committed a lot of his examine power and energy to the examine of Babylonian texts facing Mesopotamian principles concerning production, together with specifically Enuma Elish. This quantity, which seems nearly precisely 2 years after Lambert's dying, distills a life of studying by means of the world's preferable professional on those texts. Lambert presents a whole transliteration and translation of the 7 capsules of Enuma Elish, in line with the identified exemplars, in addition to assurance of a few different texts that endure on, or are notion to endure on, Mesopotamian notions of the starting place of the realm, mankind, and the gods. New versions of seventeen extra "creation stories" are supplied, together with "Enmesharra's Defeat," "Enki and Ninmah," "The Slaying of Labbu,' and "The Theogony of Dunnu."
Lambert can pay specified awareness, after all, to the relationship of the most epic, Enuma Elish, with the increase and position of Marduk within the Babylonian pantheon. He lines the improvement of this deity's foundation and upward push to prominence and elaborates the connection of this article, and the others mentioned, to the non secular and political weather Babylonia.
The quantity contains 70 plates (primarily hand-copies of a number of the exemplars of Enuma Elish) and large indexes.
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Extra resources for Babylonian Creation Myths
VI 8, 34, 42, 46, 62, 81, 83, 86, 93, 94, 96, 98, 100, 107, 108, 112. 1/2, a lines I 3, 5, 9, 21, 23, 25, 27, 35, 37, 39, 41, 53, 55, 57, 63, 69, 71, 73, 77, 83, 85, 91, 93, 97, 111, 139. II 1, 7, 13. III 1, 7. IV 1, 7, 39, 61, 67, 87, 103, 109, 111, 119, 123, 131. V 11, 17, 123, 133, 135, 149. VI 7, 13, 15, 21, 23, 25, 29, 33, 45, 47, 55, 59, 65, 67, 74, 76, 95, 97, 121. 2/3 I 90, 92, 148. II , , , . III 56. ), 85, 92, 134. V 4, 69, 73, 77, 120. VI 77, 79, 90, 101. 3/1 II 11.
D. , where an analysis into groups of two and four lines is made. Insofar as the later interpretation dispenses with groups of six, we consider it progress. Of course, there is a sequence of thought in the Epic. Each couplet leads on to the following one, so that there is never a complete break from beginning to end. The basic problem is whether a strophe is coextensive with a sentence. Despite the lack of punctuation, there is little difficulty in observing the end of a syntactically bound unit.
In I 5, K writes i-ḫi-iqqu-ma, while AM write one q only. In II 134, D has ni-iḫ-ḫa, which is correct according to our grammars, but a has ni-i-ḫi and d ni-i-ḫu. In VI 85, Gg have i-na-a-d[u], but M i-na-ad-du. The scribes do not have fixed practices with these verbs. Abnormal length occurs in the Late Middle Assyrian ḫu-ú-du (II 145), and pi-i-[ti] (II 139, 141), and in the later še-e-mi (II 131). Most peculiar is ku-ú-ru, for kurru, attested in one Babylonian and one Nineveh copy as against ku-r[u] of one Assur copy (I 66 Gg and K).