By William T. Cefalu

The 1st atlas committed particularly to cardio-metabolic danger, this ebook will supply a concise visible primer at the pathophysiology, epidemiology, analysis, remedy, and medical and radiologic good points of this ailment. Describing fresh care techniques and present practices in sufferer evaluate, this resource will permit clinicians to appropriately determine and deal with these sufferers at elevated threat for metabolic syndrome, heart problems, and diabetes.

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Similar findings were noted for women comparing waist circumference of 34 inches versus 31 inches. Data from reference 17, with permission Men: waist size > 40 vs. < 37 inches Women: waist size > 34 vs. < 31 inches 4-fold greater risk for type 2 diabetes 3- to 4-fold greater risk for major cardiovascular event subcutaneous fat at the same level or ‘cut’ of the scan12. 10). g. 13)19–21. 8 Age-adjusted incidence rates for coronary heart disease according to body mass index and waist circumference tertiles for women (a) and men (b), and according to body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio tertiles for women (c) and men (d).

Many factors contribute to this rise, but among the major factors are sedentary lifestyles, consumption of high-fat caloric-dense diets, and increased urbanization. 1 BMI-associated disease risk. 9 Very high III ≥ 40 Extremely high Additional risks: (1) waist circumference > 40 inches in men and > 35 inches in women; (2) weight gain of ≥ 5 kg since age 18–20 years; (3) poor aerobic fitness; and (4) Southeast Asian descent 64% of the US adult population is classified as either overweight or obese (BMI > 25)5.

BODY FAT DISTRIBUTION The traditional view of adipose tissue is simply a reservoir for desposition of excess calories only has not been valid for years. It is very true that adipocytes serve as a major tissue for energy storage and there is Medical complications associated with obesity. 3 Relationship of insulin sensitivity to body mass index. With increasing obesity as assessed by the increase in BMI, obese individuals are characterized as insulin resistant, whereas lean individuals with BMI < 25 may be markedly insulin sensitive.

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