By Nicolas Depetris Chauvin, Guido Porto, Francis Mulangu
This publication investigates if and the way agricultural marketplace constructions and farm constraints impact the advance of dynamic foodstuff and money crop sectors and no matter if those sectors can give a contribution to monetary transformation and poverty aid in Africa. The authors map the present funds and nutrients vegetation provide chains in six African international locations, characterizing their markets buildings and household festival regulations. on the farm point, the e-book stories the limitations confronted by means of small holders to extend productiveness and escape of a vicious cycle during which low productiveness exacerbates vulnerability to poverty. In a sequence of micro case reviews, the undertaking explores how cooperatives and associations can help conquer those constraints. This e-book will entice students and coverage makers looking tools to advertise elevated agriculture productiveness, get to the bottom of meals defense concerns, and advertise agribusiness by means of diversifying exports and lengthening alternate and competitiveness.
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Extra info for Agricultural Supply Chains, Growth and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa: Market Structure, Farm Constraints and Grass-root Institutions
World Bank Res Obs 31(1):168–197 Porto G, Depetris Chauvin N, Olarreaga M (2011) Supply chains in export agriculture, competition, and poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa. CEPR Press, London Salm A, Dinsdale P, MacDonald D, Martelli C, Hill K, Kabissa J (2011) Tanzania textiles and garment development strategy. Interim report for the ministry of industry and trade. A study funded by Tanzania Gatsby Trust Sarris A, Karfakis P, Christiaensen L (2006) Producer demand and welfare benefits of rainfall insurance in Tanzania.
As in the case of cotton, changes in international prices have large impacts on cassava prices. This is roughly consistent with a setting where many traders compete with each other. It is noteworthy that shocks to complementary factor seem to have small effects on cassava prices. We can divide these factors in two sets. On the one hand, there are factors that affect directly the production of cassava, such as household risks and cassava production costs. , cotton). This means we can look at feedbacks and spillovers from cash crop markets to food (exportable) markets.
Cotton is one of the major export crops for Tanzania, ranking second after coffee and grown by about 40 % of the total population in the country. The crop is annually grown on about 300,000–500,000 ha of land, which is equivalent to about 9 % of the total cultivated land in the country. More than 90 % of cotton is produced south of Lake Victoria in the Mwanza, Shinyanga, Mara, Tabora, Kigoma, and Singida regions, with Singida, Mwanza, and Shinyanga accounting for 80 % of it; the rest is produced in the Eastern part of the country.