By Yekutiel Gershoni

Between the tip of the 19th century and the outbreak of global warfare 2, Africans displaced by means of colonial rule created an African-American fable - a delusion which aggrandized the lifestyles and attainments of African american citizens regardless of complete wisdom of the discrimination to which they have been subjected. the parable supplied Africans in all components of the continent with a lot wanted succour and underpinned numerous spiritual, academic, political and social types in response to the adventure of African americans wherein Africans sought to higher their very own lives.

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Extra info for Africans on African-Americans: The Creation and Uses of an African-American Myth

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132 When an article in a black South African newspaper pronounced that 'Garvey was only a self-elected and self-styled president', W. 0. Jackson, an African from Cape Town, accused the newspaper of 'ignorance and prejudice, for the Hon. Marcus Garvey was elected by representatives of 400,000,000 of the Negro race' - the astronomical figure testifying to Garvey's larger-than-life dimensions in Africa. 133 32 Africans on African-Americans More substantially, the myth was reinforced by the reality of Garvey's Black Star Line, the first shipping line established by an African-American organization.

119 The vehicle for his efforts to transform the lives of blacks was the Universal Negro Improvement and Conservation Association (UNlA), which he founded in Jamaica in 1914 along with the African Communities League. Both organizations had the aim of 'drawing the peoples of the race together' under the banner 'One God! One Aim! >~zo In 1915 Garvey moved to Harlem, New York, and set up his UNIA headquarters there to attract American blacks. At first only a trickle, mainly Jamaicans and other West Indians, joined.

In West Africa, the myth was largely the province of western-educated Africans who had fairly extensive contact with African-Americans, access to relatively accurate information, and the educational and cultural backgrounds to comprehend that information. While the myth also spread to the rural areas of West Africa and was adapted by traditional natives there, the western-educated Africans were the ones who gave it public articulation and led the efforts to use it in response to the colonial situation.

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