By Y. Alex-Assensoh

Africa's former colonial masters, together with nice Britain; France, Portugal and Spain, knowledgeable individuals and leaders of a few of the colonial defense force to be politically non-partisan. but, the modern day militia at the continent, made from the military, Police, Air strength and military, became so politicized that many nations in Africa are this present day governed or have already been governed via army dictators via coups d'etat, sometimes for sturdy purposes because the publication issues out. This e-book strains the historical-cum-political evolution of those occasions, and what bodes for Africa, the place the never-ending army incursions into partisan politics are involved.

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84 Ojigbo further explained that the immediate problems of Nigeria in the 1960s had religious undertones in terms of the years’ coup officers but, indeed, that religion was not the main predicating issue at stake. This assertion is in line with the popular contention of many Nigerians and several experts, who write that, as a unified nation, Nigeria is too big to be governed from the center by an individual political leader. Again, Ojigbo was on target when he added: The most pressing issues of nation-building which Nigeria faced were the question of defining the new nation and the consequent issue of creating an effectively integrated polity.

However, the above quotation buttresses the intellectual arguments of 8 AFRICAN MILITARY HISTORY AND POLITICS some of the previously quoted authors, supporting the idea that the attempts at the overthrow of Nkrumah and several other African leaders were actions that followed a culmination of economic and political woes that dated back to the countries’ colonial periods. To an extent, it is obvious that most of the grievances of coup leaders have often had their roots in the colonial periods of the nations concerned.

19 Furthermore, as Saxena has indicated, France controlled many colonies in Africa, with French West Africa alone comprising 4,600,000 sq. , nine times the area of France. ”20 In elaboration, that policy— which was also used by colonialists from Italy, Portugal and Spain—was categorized in the following terms: Assimilation was the most striking legacy which the first colonial empire left to the second. It was the pillar of French colonial policy. Assimilation in politics and law, the subordination of the “Pacte” Colonial in economics—that was the well-defined theory of the first colonial Empire; and it was also the theory on which the new French colonial empire was raised, at least until 1910.

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