By Jose M. Garcia-Mina (auth.), Anoop Kumar Srivastava (eds.)

This is a solitary try to streamline the entire attainable info regarding citrus foodstuff, with emphasis on prognosis and administration of nutrient constraints, making use of a number of state-of-art suggestions advanced globally through the years . whereas doing so care has been taken to incorporate peripheral disciplines in order that the dialogue turns into extra energetic and authoritative. a whole array of specific topics has been properly portrayed with assistance from most modern facts and photographs.

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The endoplasmic reticulum as well as peroxisomes and glyoxisomes can be also important compartments for ROS production. Mixed-function oxygenases such as cytochrome P450 in endoplasmic reticulum, enzymes involved in the B-oxidation of fatty acids, and the C2 photorespiratory cycle in peroxisomes and glyoxisomes, xanthine and urate oxidases, and NADH oxidase can generate ROS when redox disbalance occurs (Perl-Treves and Perl 2002). 3 Molecular and Physiological Responses of Plants to Oxidative Stress: Defense Mechanisms Plants posses an orchestrated system to cope with oxidative stress, namely antioxidant metabolites such as ascorbic acid and glutathione and also antioxidant enzymes localized in ROS production-prone cell compartments.

This molecule has proved to be able to regulate genes in bacteria (Møller and Sweetlove 2010) and plants (Foyer et al. 2009). A clear evidence of H2O2 as signaling molecule in plants comes from experiences carried out in catalase-deficient tobacco plants (Vandenabeele et al. 2004). In these plants, it is possible to alter photorespiratory H2O2 levels by simply changing light fluency in growth chambers. Changes in gene expression were correlated with specific H2O2 levels also induced by abiotic stress (Vandenabeele et al.

In these plants, it is possible to alter photorespiratory H2O2 levels by simply changing light fluency in growth chambers. Changes in gene expression were correlated with specific H2O2 levels also induced by abiotic stress (Vandenabeele et al. 2003, 2004; Vanderauwera et al. 2005). In citrus, Avsian-Kretchmer et al. (2004) reported that the promoter of the gpx1 gene (encoding for a glutathione peroxidase) responded specifically to hydrogen peroxide. This was evidenced by the fact that ectopic expression of uidA gene under the control of gpx1 promoter was induced by abiotic elicitors (NaCl, sorbitol, mannitol, KCl, and, to a lower extent, by Na2SO4) as well as by H2O2.

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