By V. C. Medvei CBE, MD, FRCP (auth.)
o heritage of endocrinology may be written with out reference N to Sir Humphry Davy Rolleston, whose enormous research of the topic seemed in 1936 less than the modest subtitle: The Endocrine Organs in healthiness and affliction with an historic assessment. It used to be in keeping with the author's Fitzpatrick Lectures on the Royal collage of Physicians of London in 1933 and 1934. The lectureship, which dates from 1901, is dedicated to the background of medication. Rolleston's paintings as regards scholarship and supply can't be exceeded and should stay the forged foundation for to any extent further research. it really is of curiosity to notice that Rolleston gave the Fitzpatrick Lectures whilst he used to be seventy one years of age and had his publication released while he was once seventy four. through that point he had completed so much of his expert goals and the entire honours a individual scientific profession can provide (see part II). He perceived truly that endocrinology was once "an huge, immense topic in a so much energetic level of growth", which "recently has acquired most useful aid from natural chemists, who've dedicated a lot time to the elucidation of the constitution, isolation and synthesis of the hormones". He remarked that the information of endocrinology was once increasing with severe rapidity, and it's been recommended that during this recognize it can seem to be itself stimulated by means of a progress hormone. He persisted: "Before 1890 there have been relatively few courses facing the ductless glands, yet in 1913, A.
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Democritos of Abdera (460-360 BC) first postulated the theory of atoms, i. e. that everything in nature is made up of atoms of different shapes and sizes, the movements of which are the cause of life. The later division of Greek behaviour into two main streams, the military dour Spartans (Doric type) and the imaginative, brilliant Athenians (Ionians), also influenced the development of medicine. The Spartan lawgiver wanted to ensure the maintenance of a 'Herrenvolk' by strict rules for eugenic procreation.
One of the most important points of Aristotle's criticism of the pangenesis theory was that it goes too far in postulating a large variety of materials in the semen without stating the degree to which nature may be present in a particular material. In Aristotle's theory, the female provides the proximate matter for reproduction, the male the source of matter and change. Conception is a paradigm in terms of the four causes (matter, mover, form and end); the end is continued existence of the species; the species is the form present potentially in the matter from the female, and actively in the semen from the male.
92, London, George Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1968. Brothwell, D. and Sandison, A. : Diseases in Antiquity. Chap. 43, p. 522. Springfield, Thomas, 1967. Johnston, R. : The history of human infertility. Fertil. Steril. 14,261-272, 1963. Himes, N. : Medical History of Contraception. p. 121. New York, Gamut Press, 1936 (reprinted 1970). Iason, A. H. The Thyroid Gland in Medical History. p. 12, New York, Froben Press, 1946. : p. 13. : An Introduction to the History of Medicine. 4th Ed. p. 71, Philadelphia, W.